Coriander leaves also known as Dhania are used in almost every household for garnishing several dishes. Coriander leaves have a very pleasant aroma due to the presence of some oils maybe that’s why these shiny leaves are used for giving finishing to the dishes. Besides this coriander leaves have many health benefits like they are a rich source of minerals and vitamins. Like thiamine, vitamin C, riboflavin, phosphorus, calcium, iron, niacin, sodium, carotene, oxalic acid, and potassium. They also have carbohydrates, Fat, protein and water. In old days coriander was used to treat many digestive problems, flu and constipation.
This is a very good detoxifying agent and helps to detoxify many harmful substances from the body. Coriander contains flavanoid which are phytonutrients and are antioxidants. The coriander leaves are a very good stimulant so they stimulate the digestive juices and helps in the digestion of food and to prevent flatulence. They strengthen the stomach. Citronelol found in coriander is a very good antiseptic and in turn helps to heal the mouth ulcers.
It is a good source of dietary fiber. It helps to flush out the extra water from the body so good for water retention. It protects against many bacterial infections like infections caused by salmonella which are the main cause of food borne illnesses. It prevents nausea as very helpful for pregnant women as they often feel nausea. It also has the significant role in minimizing the heavy blood flow in menstruation. It lowers down the LDL which is known as bad cholesterol and increases HDL which is known as good cholesterol. A good HDL level minimizes the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Iron present in coriander leaves helps to lower anemia. It helps to lower down the blood sugar level. Studies suggest that it stimulates the insulin secretion and helps to lower the blood sugar levels.
All the parts of the plant whether it is a leave, seed or root have some health benefits. Coriander seeds are also rich in dietary fiber; it binds the bile salts and decreases their re-absorption in the colon. Unlike other dries seeds coriander seeds contain good amount of vitamin c which is a powerful antioxidant. They are also storehouse of many B complex vitamins. Coriander seeds are great source of minerals like iron, copper, calcium, potassium, manganese, zinc and magnesium. Iron is essential for cell metabolism and red blood cell formation. Copper is required in the production of red blood cells. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure .Zinc is a co-factor in many enzymes that regulate growth and development, sperm generation, digestion and nucleic acid synthesis. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the powerful anti-oxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase.
By - Dr. Pooja Agrawal