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What is Neurofibromatosis?

What is Neurofibromatosis

Neurofibromatosis envelops an arrangement of particular hereditary issue that causes tumors to develop along different sorts of nerves. Neurofibromatosis NF in FaceNeurofibromatosis can likewise influence the improvement of non-sensory tissues, for example, bones, and skin. 

Neurofibromatosis causes tumors to become anyplace on or in the body.

This condition is not uncommon. We do see a significant number of individuals with this condition. They generally show up during childbirth, however, may create in an initial couple of years of a youngster's life. Bistro au-lait spots might be an ordinary sort of pigmentation, however, the nearness of a few bistro au-lait spots bigger than a quarter may happen in neurofibromatosis.

Types of Neurofibromatosis : -

1) Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1)

2) Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1)

3) Schwannomatosis

Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1):

This is also known as von Recklinghausen NF or Peripheral NF. Developing in 1: 3,500 births,  They show the characters like multiple au-Neurofibromatosis in eye lait spots and neurofibromas under or over the skin. the curvature of the spine , deformation of bones or bones enlargement . Sometimes, tumors also develop inside the brain. About 60% with NF have learning disabilities.The NF1 gene is located on chromosome 17 .

Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) :

This is also known as Bilateral Acoustic NF (BAN), is very rarely occurring in 1:30,000 births.They show the characters like  multiple tumors spinal nerves,  on the cranial and by other injuries of the brain and spinal cord. The hearing loss started in teens or early twenties is generally one of the first symptoms. The NF2 gene is located on chromosome 22.

Schwannomatosis:

It is one of the rare forms of Neurofibromatosis is  recently been recognized and appears to affect around 1:45,000 individuals. It can be less known than NF1 and NF2, There features are vary greatly between the patients. 

Neurofibromatosis Symptoms

Neurofibromatosis (NF1) symptoms :

  • Tiny bumps on the iris of your eye
  • Flat, light brown spots on the skin
  • Bone deformities
  • Learning disabilities

Neurofibromatosis (NF2) symptoms :

  • Headaches
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Poor balance
  • Gradual hearing loss

 

 

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By - ineeddoctor.in
Created Date 05 Oct,2016

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